Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide1

J. M. Stephens, R. A. Dunn, G. Kidder, D. Short, and G. W. Simone2
Among other benefits, successful vegetable gardens offer their owners fresh air, sunshine, exercise, enjoyment, mental therapy, nutritious fresh vegetables, and economic savings. Gardens may be grown year-round in Florida, but spring is the preferred season. Statewide there are over 1 million vegetable gardens, averaging 300 sq. ft. and a retail value of $300. While this guide provides recommendations primarily for regular gardens, the information may be useful in other common situations such as container, organic, community, and market gardens.

STEPS IN GARDENING

Site - Locate the garden near the house for convenience on a site close to a source of water with at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. With proper care, vegetables may also be included in the landscape among ornamental plants. Where possible, practice site rotation for weed and other pest control. Coastal sites are also suitable.

Plan - Before planting, make a paper plan, including vegetables you intend to plant, where, and when. Use the "Planting Guide" in Table 3 and Table 4 to develop your plan. Make a list of supplies, and then proceed early to order or purchase.

Soil Preparation - While most gardeners plant on whatever soil type is available in the garden plot, you may improve your soil by bringing in topsoil or a soil mix, or by applying liberal amounts of organic materials. Spade or plow the plot at least 3 weeks before planting. Then rework the soil into a fine firm seedbed at planting time.

Organic Matter - Most Florida soils benefit from applications of various forms of organics such as animal manure, rotted leaves, compost, and cover crops. Thoroughly mix liberal amounts of organics in the soil well in advance of planting, preferably at least a month before seeding. Spread 25 to 100 pounds of compost or animal manure per 100 sq. ft. if you do not expect to use inorganic fertilizer. Well-composted organics may be applied at planting time. Due to inconsistant levels of nutrients in compost, accompanying applications of balanced inorganic fertilizer may be beneficial. Organic amendments low in nitrogen, such as composted yard trash, must be accompanied by fertilizer to avoid plant stunting.

Cover Crops - Off season planting and plow-down of green-manure crops is beneficial. In Florida, such summer legumes as cowpeas and hairy indigo are most often used. In winter try ryegrass plus lupine, and hairy vetch.

Compost - As a home garden composter you can help reduce the amount of yard waste going to landfills, while manufacturing your own compost. Composting is easy to do and yields a manure-like organic fertilizer/soil conditioner highly beneficial on Florida's infertile native soils. A small compost pile measuring 3x3x3 (1 cu. yd), called a "compost unit", is easily made.

  1. Build larger piles by putting together several units into a single bin.
  2. Construct a bin with sides made from treated lumber, concrete blocks, wire or other durable materials.
  3. Make successive 12-inch thick layers of plant waste such as leaves, lawn clippings, shredded branches, and wood chips. Kitchen scraps may also be used.
  4. Onto each layer, distribute one cup each of dolomite and 8-8-8 fertilizer (or one quart chicken litter) per unit

 

  1. Moisten each layer, then keep pile moist.
  2. After 3-4 weeks and every week thereafter, thoroughly mix the compost pile.
  3. Compost should be ready for use in 2 to 12 months, or when plant parts are decomposed.

Adjusting Soil pH - The best pH range for gardens on sandy soil is between pH 5.8 and 6.3. If your soil pH is between 5.5 and 7.0, no adjustment in pH needs to be made.

If your soil pH is below 5.5, apply lime at the rate recommended by a reliable source such as the IFAS Extension Soil Testing Laboratory. In the absence of a lime requirement test, application of 2 to 3 pounds of finely ground dolomitic limestone per 100 sq ft will usually raise the pH sufficiently when the soil pH tested is below 5.5. Caution: Application of lime when it is not needed may cause plant nutritional problems. Lime needs are best met 2 to 3 months before the garden is to be planted. However, lime may be applied as late as 1 or 2 weeks before planting. Make sure the lime is thoroughly mixed into the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches and then water to promote the chemical reaction.

If your soil pH is naturally above 7.0 (alkaline), where limestone, marl, or shells are present, there is no practical way of permanently lowering soil pH. Use fertilizer with micronutrients as discussed in the following section. If the high pH is the result of previous over-liming, application of granular sulfur (1 lb/100 sq ft) will lower soil pH.

Fertilizing - Unless very large quantities of organic fertilizer materials are applied, commercial fertilizer is usually needed for Florida gardens. Gardeners find it convenient to use commonly available fertilizer grades such as 8-8-8 or 15-15-15. Be sure to include micronutrients if soil pH is above 6.3. The quantities shown in Table 1 are usually sufficient.

Broadcast the indicated amount of fertilizer over the entire garden plot 1 to 2 weeks before planting. Band the other portion at planting time in 1 or 2 bands each 2 to 3 inches to the side of and 1 to 2 inches below the seed level or plant row.

In addition, during the growing season, it may be necessary to sidedress 2 or 3 times with appropriate fertilizer at half the banded rate shown in the table. On mineral soils, a grade such as 15-0-15 may also be used for side-dressing at a rate of ½ to 1 oz. per 10 ft. of row. Sidedress just beyond the outside leaves.

If a different fertilization recommendation accompanies your soil test, use those specific recommendations rather than the general ones given here.

Irrigation and Drainage - Provide sufficient drainage of excessive rainfall from your plot, while arranging for irrigation during dry periods. Frequency of irrigation depends upon your soil type; sandy soils need water 2 or 3 times a week. Conserve water by using mulch, organic matter, and techniques such as drip irrigation. Make a slight depression at the base of plants to hold water until absorbed by the soil.

Weed Control - The primary purpose of cultivation is to control weeds. Weeds are easier to control when small. In gardens, practical weed control is best accomplished by hand-pulling, hoeing, mechanical cultivation, or mulching. Chemical herbicides are not suggested.

Nematodes

Most Florida soils contain nematodes, microscopic worms that can seriously reduce growth and yield of most vegetables by feeding in or on their roots. Nematode damage is less likely in soils with high levels of organic matter and where crops are "rotated" so that the same members of the same family are not planted repeatedly in the same soil. Excessive nematode populations may be reduced temporarily by "soil solarization." To "solarize" your soil, first remove vegetation, then break up the sol and wet to activate that nematode population. After preparing the soil, cover it with sturdy clear plastic film during the warmest six weeks of summer. High temperatures (above 130°F) must be maintained during this time for best results.

Disease Control

Exclusion - Purchase only disease-free plants. Look carefully for common symptoms of diseases. Avoid gross movement of infested soil.

Eradication - Certain soilborne diseases (e.g. damp-off, root and stem rots, and wilts) are especially troublesome on old garden sites. Site and crop rotation can slow or prevent the incidence of certain soilborne diseases. Avoid growing vegetables of the same family repeatedly in one area. Watch for early disease symptoms. Remove first diseased leaves or plants to slow spread.

Resistance - Choose adapted varieties with resistance or tolerance to the diseases common in your area.

Protection - Plant fungicide-treated seed. Dust untreated seed with a captan or thiram fungicide. Many common diseases can be controlled with either chlorathalonil, maneb, or mancozeb fungicide. Powdery mildews can be controlled with triadimefon, sulfur or benomyl, and rusts with sulfur or ziram. Control bacterial spots with basic copper sulfate plus maneb or mancozeb.

Sprays are generally more effective than dusts. Begin control efforts early. Follow product labels for vegetable clearances, rates, and interval of application.

Insect Control

Scout the garden twice weekly for insect damage. Spray only affected plants. Follow label directions. The materials on Table 2 are effective against the insects as indicated.

Soil-inhabiting insects, including mole crickets, wireworms, cutworms, ants, etc., can be controlled with a broadcast pre-plant application of diazinon. Baits containing Dylox or diazinon are effective for cutworms and mole crickets. Use metaldehyde for slug control.

Pesticide Precautions

Consider all pesticides as potential poisons. They should be applied strictly according to manufacturers' precautions and recommendations. Always wash vegetables from garden thoroughly before using. Use pesticides only as necessary to control insects and diseases and stop applications during the harvesting season. Apply in early evening to avoid killing bees and reducing pollination. Store pesticides in their original labeled containers. Keep them out of the reach of children and other irresponsible persons. See also Circular 375, Organic Vegetable Gardening .

Tables

Table 1.

Table 1. Fertilizer Recommendations

   

Amount to Apply

Soil

Fertilizer grade

broadcast lb./100 sq ft

10ft/row banded oz.

Sand, marl, rock, or clay

8-8-815-15-15

2-41-2

42

Organic soils (muck, peat, or amended)

0-12-20

1-2

2

Table 2.

Table 2. Insect Control Recommendations

Pest

B.t.*

Carbaryl

Malathion

Diazinon

Soap**

Aphids

   

X

X

X

Armyworm

 

X

     

Budworms

 

X

     

Cabbageworms

X

X

X

X

 

Col. potato beetle

 

X

     

Cucumber beetle

 

X

X

   

Earworms

 

X

     

Fleabeetle

 

X

     

Fruit, horn, pinworms

X

X

     

Leaf miner

     

X

 

Leafhopper

 

X

X

X

 

Leafroller

 

X

X

X

 

Melon, pickle worms

 

X

     

Mexican bean beetle

 

X

X

X

 

Pameras

 

X

X

   

Pea weevils

 

X

X

X

 

Spider mites

   

X

X

X

Squash vineborer

X

       

Stink bugs

 

X

X

X

 

Thrips

 

X

X

X

X

Whiteflies

       

X

*Bacillus thuringiensis (Biotrol, Dipel, or Thuricide).

**Soap - Use any of several commercial products. Can also use 4 tbs. liquid dish detergent/gal. water.

Table 3.

Table 3. Planting Guide: Suggested Varieties, Plant Family, Harvest Information, and Comments.

Variety (1)

Plant Family (2)

Transplantability (3)

Pounds yield per 100«

Days to Harvest (4)

WARM SEASON VEGETABLES

Beans, bush

Snap: Bush Blue Lake, Contender, Roma, Harvester, Provider, Cherokee Wax , Bush Baby, TendercropShell: Horticultural, Pinto, Red Kidney

Leguminosae

III

45

50-60

Comment: Fertilizer at à rate used for other vegetables. Seed inoculation not essential most soils. Flowers self polinated. Use shell beans green or dry. For color, try Purple Teepee and Burgundy

Beans, pole

Dade, McCaslan, Kentucky Wonder 191, Blue Lake

Leguminosae

III

80

55-70

Comment: See Beans, bush. Support vines. May be grown with corn for vine support.

Beans, lima

Fordhook 242, Henderson, Jackson Wonder,Dixie Butterpea, Florida Butter (Pole), Sieva (Pole)

Leguminosae

III

50

65-75

Comment: See Beans, bush. Provide trellis support for pole varieties. Control stinkbugs which injure seeds in pods. Fordhook is large-seeded; Henderson is "butterbean" type.

Cantaloupes

Smith's Perfect, Ambrosia, Edisto 47, Planters Jumbo, Summet, Super Market, Primo, Luscious Plus

Cucurbitaccae

III

150

75-90(65-75)

Comment: Bees needed for pollination. Mulch to reduce fruit-rots and salmonella. Harvest at full-slip stage.

Corn, sweet

Silver Queen, Gold Cup,Guardian, Bonanza,Florida Staysweet, How Sweet It Is, Ssupersweet

Gramineae

III

115

60-95

Comment: Separate super-sweets (last three varieties) from standard varieties by time and distance. Sucker removal not beneficial. Plant in 2-3 row blocks.

Cucumbers

Slicers: Poinsett, Ashley, Dasher, Sweet Success, Pot Luck, Slice NicePicklers: Galaxy, SMR 18,Explorer

Cucurbitaceae

III

100

50-65(40-50)

Comment: Bees required for pollination. Many new hybrids are gynoecious (female flowering). Monoecious varieties have M/F flowers. For greenhouse, use parthenocarpic type.

Eggplant

Florida Market, Black Beauty, Dusky, Long Tom, Ichiban, Tycoon, Dourga

Solanaceae

I

200

90-110(75-90)

Comment: Stake your eggplants. Harvest into summer. Require warm weather. `Dourga' is white.

Okra

Clemson Spineless,Perkins, Dwarf Green, Emerald, Blondy, Burgundy

Malvaceae

III

70

50-75

Comment: Produces well in warm seasons. Okra is highly susceptible to root-knot nematodes.

Peas, Southern

Blackeye, Mississippi Silver, Texas Cream 40, Snapea, Zipper Cream, Sadandy, Purplehull

Leguminosae

III

80

60-90

Comment: See Beans, bush. The cowpea curculio is common pest. Tiny white grub infests seeds in pods. Good summer cover crop. `California No. 5 Blackeye' resistant to root-knot nematodes.

Peppers

Sweet:Early Calwonder, Yolo Wonder, Big Bertha, Sweet Banana, Jupiter Hot: Hungarian Wax, Jalapeno, Habanero

Solanaceae

I

50

80-100 (60-80)

Comment: Mulching especially beneficial. Continue care of peppers well into summer. Mosaic virus a common disease pest. Most small-fruited varieties are attractive, but hot. `Habanero' is extremely hot.

Potatoes, Sweet

Porto Rico, Georgia Red, Jewel, Centennial, Coastal Sweet, Boniato, Sumor, Beauregard, Vardaman.

Convolvulaceae

I

300

(120-140)

Comment: Sweet potato weevils are a serious problem. Start with certified-free transplants. Use vine cuttings to prolong season. `Vardaman' is a bush type for small gardens.

Pumpkin

Big Max, Funny Face, Connecticut Field, Spirit, Calabaza, Cushaw

Cucurbitaceae

III

300

90-120(80-110)

Comment: Bees required for pollination. Foliage diseases and fruit-rot are common. For big ones try `Atlantic Giant.' For small ornamental type, try `Jack Be Little.'

Squash

Summer:Early Prolific Straightneck, Dixie, Summer Crookneck, Cocozelle, Gold Bar,Zucchini, Peter Pan, Sunburst, Scallopini, SundropsWinter: Sweet Mama, Table Queen, Butternut, Spaghetti

Cucurbitaceae

IIIIII

150300

40-55(35-40) 80-110 (70-90)

Comment: Summer types usually grow on a bush while winter squash have vining habit. Both male and female flowers on same plant. Common fruit rot/drop caused by fungus and incomplete pollination. Bees required. Crossing occurs but results not seen unless seeds are saved. Winter types store longest.

Tomatoes

Large Fruit: Floradel, Solar Set, Manalucie, Better Boy, Celebrity, Bragger, Walter, Sun Coast, Floramerica, Flora-Dade, Duke.Small Fruit: Florida Basket, Micro Tom, Patio, Cherry, Sweet 100, Chelsea

Solanaceae

I

200

90-110(75-90)

Comment: Staking, mulching beneficial. Flowers self-pollinated. May drop if temperatures too high or low, or if nitrogen fertilization excessive. Florida varieties have best disease resistance. Some serious problems are blossom-end rot, wilts, whitefly, and leafminers. `Better Boy' appears resisitant to root-knot.

Watermelon

Large: Charleston Gray, Jubilee, Crimson Sweet, Dixielee Small: Sugar Baby, Minilee, Mickylee Seedless: Fummy

Cucurbitaceae

III

400

85-95(80-90)

Comment: Due to space requirement, not suited to most gardens. Suggest small ice-box types. Plant fusarium wilt resistant varieties. Bees required for pollination. Florida record size melon is `Carolina Cross.'

COOL SEASON VEGETABLES

Beets

Early Wonder, Detroit Dark Red, Cylindra, Red Ace, Little Ball

Chenopodiaceae

I

75

50-65

Comment: Beets require ample moisture at seeding or poor emergence results. Leaves edible

Broccoli

Early Green Sprouting, Waltham 29, Atlantic,Green Comet, Green Duke

Cruciferae

I

50

75-90(55-70)

Harvest small multiple sideshoots that develop after main central head is cut.

Cabbage

Gourmet, Marion Market, King Cole, Market Prize, Red Acre, Chieftan Savoy, Rio Verde,Bravo

Cruciferae

I

125

90-110(70-90)

Comment: Buy clean plants to avoid cabbage black-rot, a common bacterial disease that causes yellow patches on leaf margins. Keep an eye out for loopers, use Bt for control.

Carrots

Imperator, Thumbelina, Nantes, Gold Pak, Waltham Hicolor, Orlando Gold

Umbelliferae

II

100

65-80

Comment: Grow carrots on a raised bed for best results. Sow seeds shallow and thin to proper stand.

Cauliflower

Snowball Strains, Snowdrift, Imperial 10-6, Snow Crown, White Rock

Cruciferae

I

80

75-90(55-70)

Comment: Tie leaves around flowerhead at 2-3 inch diameter stage to prevent discoloration. For green heads, grow broccoflower.

Celery

Utah Strains, Florida Strains, Summer Pascal

Umbelliferae

II

150

115-125(80-105)

Comment: Celery requires very high soil moisture during seeding/seedling stage.

Chinese Cabbage

Michihili, Wong Bok, Bok Choy, Napa

Cruciferae

I

100

70-90(60-70)

Comment: Bok Choy is open-leaf type,while Michihili and Napa form round heads.

Collards

Georgia, Vates, Blue Max, Hicrop Hybrid

Cruciferae

I

150

70-80(40-60)

Comment: Tolerates more heat than most other crucifers. Harvest lower leaves. Kale may also be grown.

Endive/Escarole

Florida Deep Heart, Full Heart, Ruffec

Compositae

I

75

80-95

Comment: Excellent ingredient in tossed salads. Well adapted to cooler months.

Kohlrabi

Early White Vienna, Grand Duke, Purple Vienna

Cruciferae

I

100

70-80(50-55)

Comment: Both red and green varieties are easily grown. Use fresh or cooked. Leaves edible.

Lettuce

Crisp: Minetto, Ithaca, Fulton, Floricrisp. Butterhead: Bibb, White Boston, Tom Thumb. Leaf: Prize Head, Red Sails, Salad Bowl. Romaine: Parris Island Cos, Valmaine, Floricos.

Compositae

I

75

50-90(40-70)

Grow crisphead type in coolest part of season for firmer heads. Sow seeds very shallow, as they need light for germination. Intercrop lettuce with long-season vegetables.

Mustard

Southern Giant Curled, Florida Broad Leaf, Tendergreen

Cruciferae

II

100

40-60

Consider planting in a wide-row system. Broadleaf type requires more space. Cooked as "greens".

Onions

Bulbing: Excel, Texas Grano, Granex, White Granex, Tropicana RedBunching: White Portugal, Evergreen, Beltsville Bunching, Perfecto BlancoMultipliers: Shallots

Amaryllidaceae

III

100100100

120-160(110-120)50-75(30-40)(30-40)

Comment: Plant short-day bulbing varieties. For bunching onions, insert sets upright for straight stems. For multipliers, divide and reset. Bulbing onions may be seeded in the fall, then transplanted in early spring (Jan-Feb). `Granex' used for Vidalia and St. Augustine Sweets.

Parsley

Moss Curled, Perfection, Italian

Umbelliferae

II

40

70-90

Comment: Grow parsley root similarly (Hamburg type). Curly and plain types do well.

Peas, English

Wando, Green Arrow, Laxton's Progress, Sugar Snap, Oregon Sugar.

Leguminoseae

III

40

50-70

Comment: Edible podded type are "Oregon" (flat) and "Sugar Snap" (round) - be sure to trellis.

Potatoes

Sebago, Red Pontiac, Atlantic, Red LaSoda, LaRouge, Superior

Solanaceae

II

150

85-110

Comment: Plant 2-ounce seed pieces with eyes. Do not use table-stock for seed. Remove tops two weeks before digging to "toughen skin." Varieties planted by seeds produce less than from tubers.

Radish

Cherry Belle, Comet, Early Scarlet Globe, White Icicle, Sparkler, Red Prince, Champion, Snowbelle

Cruciferae

III

40

20-30

Comment: The winter type (Daikon) grows well in Florida, too. Inter-crop summer type with slow growing vegetables to save space.

Spinach

Virginia Savoy, Melody, Bloomsdale Longstanding, Tyee, Olympia

Chenopodiaceae

II

40

45-60

Comment: Grow during coolest months. Malabar spinach is a more prolific type that grows well in Florida.(5)

Strawberry

Florida 90, Chandler, Dover, Florida Belle, Oso Grande, Sweet Charlie, Selva

Rosaceae

I

50

(90-110)

Comment: Plant short-day varieties. Grow as an annual crop starting with disease-free plants in the fall.

Turnips

Roots/Tops: Purple-Top White Globe, Just RiteTops: All Top

Cruciferae

III

150

40-60

Comment: Grow for roots and tops. Broadcast seed in wide-row system or single file.

(1) Other varieties may produce well also. Suggestions are based on availability, performance, and pest resistance.

(2) To practice crop rotation, group family members; avoid planting family members following each other.

(3) Transplantability categories: I, easily survives transplanting; II survives with care; III, use seeds or containerized transplants only.

(4) Days from seeding to harvest, values in parentheses are days from transplanting to first harvest.

(5) For more information on Malabar spinach and other minor vegetables, get a copy of Bulletin SP-40, "Manual of Minor Vegetables."

Table 4.

Table 4. Planting Guide for Florida Vegetables: Spacing Information

Crop

Seeds/plants Per 100«

Spacing (inches)

Seed depth (inches)

Planting Dates in Florida (outdoors)*

Rows

Plants

North

Central

South

WARM SEASON VEGETABLES

Beans, bush

1 lb.

18-30

2-3

1-2

Mar-AprAug-Sept

Feb-AprSept

Sept-Apr

Beans, pole

à lb.

40-48

3-6

1-2

Mar-AprAug-Sept

Feb-AprAug-Sept

Aug-Apr

Beans, lima

2 lb.

24-36

3-4

1-2

Mar-Aug

Feb-AprSept.

Aug-Apr

Cantaloupes

à oz.

60-72

24-36

1-2

Mar-Apr

Feb-Apr

Aug-SeptFeb-Mar

Corn, sweet

2 oz.

24-36

12-18

1-2

Mar-AprAug

Feb-MarAug-Sept

Aug-Mar

Cucumbers

à oz.

36-60

12-24

1-2

Feb-AprAug-Sept

Feb-MarSept

Sept-Mar

Eggplant

50 plts1 pkt

36-42

24-36

à

Feb-July

Jan-MarAug-Sept

Dec-FebAug-Oct

Okra

1 oz.

24-40

6-12

1-2

Mar-July

Mar-Aug

Feb-MayAug-Sept

Peas, southern

à oz.

30-36

2-3

1-2

Mar-Aug

Mar-Sept

Aug-Apr

Peppers

100 plts1 pkt

20-36

12-24

à

Feb-AprJuly-Aug

Jan-MarAug-Sept

Aug-Mar

Potatoes, sweet

100 plts

48-54

12-14

---

Mar-June

Feb-June

Feb-June

Pumpkin

1 oz.

60-84

36-60

1-2

Mar-AprAug

Feb-MarAug

Jan-FebAug-Sept

Squash, Summer

1à oz.

36-48

24-36

1-2

Mar-AprAug-Sept

Feb-Mar Aug-Sept

Jan-MarSept-Oct

Squash, Winter

1 oz.

60-90

36-48

1-2

MarAug

Feb-MarAug

Jan-FebSept

Tomatoes, Stake

70 plts1 pkt

36-48

18-24

à

Feb-AprAug

Jan-MarSept

Aug-Mar

Tomatoes, Ground

35 plts1 pkt

40-60

36-40

à

"

"

"

Tomatoes, Container

       

"

"

"

Watermelon, Large

1/8 oz.

84-108

48-60

1-2

Mar-AprJuly-Aug

Jan-MarAug

Jan-MarAug-Sept

Watermelon, Small

1/8 oz.

48-60

15-30

"

"

"

"

Watermelon, Seedless

70 plts

48-60

15-30

"

"

"

"

COOL SEASON VEGETABLES

Beets

1 oz.

14-24

3-5

à - 1

Sept-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

Broccoli

100 plts1/8 oz.

30-36

12-18

à - 1

Aug-Feb

Aug-Jan

Sept-Jan

Brussels Sprouts

100 plts1/8 oz

30-36

18

à - 1

Sept-Nov

Oct-Nov

Oct-Dec

Cabbage

(1/8 oz)100 plts

24-36

12-24

à - 1

Sept-Feb

Sept-Jan

Sept-Jan

Carrots

1/8 oz.

16-24

1-3

à

Sept-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

Cauliflower

55 plts(1/8 oz)

24-30

18-24

à - 1

Jan-FebAug-Oct

Oct-Jan

Oct-Jan

Celery

150 plts(1/8 oz)

24-36

6-10

â - à

Jan-Mar

Aug-Feb

Oct-Jan

Chinese cabbage

125 plts(1/8 oz)

24-36

12-24

â - ä

Oct-Feb

Oct-Jan

Nov-Jan

Collards

100 plts(1/8 oz)

24-30

10-18

à - 1

Feb-AprAug-Nov

Aug-Mar

Aug-Feb

Endive/Escarole

100 plts

18-24

8-12

à

Feb-MarSept

Jan-FebSept

Sept-Jan

Kale

100 plts(1/8 oz)

24-30

12-18

à - 1

Sept-Feb

Sept-Jan

Sept-Jan

Kohlrabi

1/8 oz.

24-30

3-5

à - 1

Sept-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

Leek

à oz.

12-24

2-4

à

Sept-Mar

Sept-Feb

Oct-Jan

Lettuce: Crisp, Butter-head, Leaf & Romaine

100 plts

12-24

8-12

à

Feb-MarSept-Oct

Sept-Mar

Sept-Jan

Mustard

â oz.

14-24

1-6

à - 1

Sept-May

Sept-Mar

Sept-Mar

Onions, Bulbing

300 plts or sets, 1 oz seed

12-24

4-6

à - 1

Sept-Dec

Sept-Dec

Sept-Nov

Onions, Bunching

800 plts or sets, 1 - 1à oz seed

12-24

1-2

2-3

Aug-Mar

Aug-Mar

Sept-Mar

Onions, Multipliers

"

18-24

6-8

à - ä

"

"

"

Parsley

â oz.

12-20

8-12

â

Sept-Mar

Oct-Feb

Sept-Jan

Peas, English

1 lb.

24-36

2-3

1-2

Jan-Mar

Sept-Mar

Sept-Feb

Potatoes

15 lbs.

36-42

8-12

3-4

Jan-Mar

Jan-Feb

Sept-Jan

Radish

1 oz.

12-18

1-2

ä

Sept-Mar

Sept-Mar

Oct-Mar

Spinach

1 oz.

14-18

3-5

ä

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

Oct-Jan

Strawberry

100 plts

36-40

10-14

---

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

Turnips

â oz.

12-20

4-6

à-1

Jan-AprAug-Oct

Jan-MarSept-Nov

Oct-Feb

* North: north of State Rd 40; Central: between State Rds 40 and 70; South: south of State Rd 70.


Footnotes

1. This document, SP 103, is a for sale publication, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication date: December 1991. Revised for CD-ROM: March 1994.

2. J.M. Stephens, professor and Extension Vegetable Specialist, Horticultural Sciences Department; R.A. Dunn, professor and Extension Nematologist, Entomology and Nematology Department; G. Kidder, professor and Extension Soils Scientist, Soil Science Department; D. Short, professor and Extension Entomologist, Entomology and Nematology Department; G.W. Simone, associate professor and Extension Plant Pathologist, Plant Pathology Department, Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville FL 32611.

The use of trade names in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information. It is not a guarantee or warranty of the products named, and does not signify that they are approved to the exclusion of others of suitable composition.


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity - Affirmative Action Employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office.

Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences / University of Florida / Larry R. Arrington, Interim Dean


Copyright Information

This document is copyrighted by the University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) for the people of the State of Florida. UF/IFAS retains all rights under all conventions, but permits free reproduction by all agents and offices of the Cooperative Extension Service and the people of the State of Florida. Permission is granted to others to use these materials in part or in full for educational purposes, provided that full credit is given to the UF/IFAS, citing the publication, its source, and date of publication.

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